The Independent Commission Against Corruption is an Anti corruption agency established by the Constitution under Section 220 and is governed by the Organic Law on Independent Commission Against Corruption (OLICAC). The purpose of the Commission is to contribute, in cooperation with other agencies, to
preventing, reducing, and combating corrupt conduct. The fight against corruption in PNG dates back to Independence when constitutional offices such as Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC), Ombudsman Commission (OC), Public Prosecutor (PP) and the Auditor General Office (AGO) were established
through our Constitution. The efforts in the fight against corruption continued through successive governments and in 2004, the late Grand Chief Sir Michael Somare took this fight further when he signed the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), during the Pacific Islands Forum in Apia, Samoa, making PNG a signatory to the Convention. Despite PNG being the first Pacific Island Country to become a Signatory to the UNCAC, it was only ratified to the
Convention by our Parliament in 2007.
In 2009, the National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS) 2010-2030 was launched and following that the National Anti-Corruption Plan of Action (NACPA) was developed to bring all relevant agencies/bodies together to implement the NACS.
In 2014, Amendment No. 40/2014 was made to the PNG Constitution enabling the establishment of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) Office as well as paving the way for the enactment of the Organic Law on the Independent Commission Against Corruption (OLICAC).
In 2015, the first draft of the ICAC Bill was presented in parliament for deliberation and passage, but was shelved due to the then 2017 National General Election.
The draft ICAC Bill was revisited and presented to Parliament and unanimously passed unopposed on the 12th of November 2020. Apart from the OLICAC, other enabling legislations like the Whistleblowers Act was also passed in 2020. This year, an amendment was done to the Proceeds of Crime Act (POCA) for the Unexplained Wealth Provision whilst the Right to Information Draft Bill which comes
under the Department of Information and Communications Technology is being worked on,
and will be brought before Parliament to be enacted.
From its initial re-established interim stage in 2018 to date, the office has slowly increased
its staffing capacity to meet ICAC’s business needs..
The primary objective was to develop the Executive, Administration and Operational
structures of the ICAC.
The purpose of the Commission is to contribute, in cooperation with other agencies, to
preventing, reducing, and combating corrupt conduct.
In line with the purposes of of ICAC, Section 220(d) of the Consitution the functions of the
Commission are :
a) to receive and consider complaints and investigate such of those complaints as it
deems appropriate; and
b) to investigate, on its initiative
c) to exchange information and cooperate with other law enforcement, integrity and
regulatory agencies, both within Papua New Guinea and internationally; and
d) to refer complaints to other agencies for investigation; and
e) to accept the referral from other agencies of matters for investigation; and
f) where the Commission, after investigating, is of the opinion that a person has
committed an offence involving corrupt conduct, to refer the matter to the Public Prosecutor
or the Police Force
g) to exercise such prosecution powers prescribed by or under an Organic Law; and
h) to encourage, cooperate and coordinate with other public and private sector
agencies in –
i. research regarding corrupt conduct and anti-corruption strategies, policies, practices
and procedures; and
ii. the development, implementation and review of anti-corruption strategies, policies,
practices and procedures; and
iii. training, education and awareness regarding corrupt conduct and anti-corruption
strategies, policies, practices and procedures.
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